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A Doll's House

Генрик Ибсен



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A Doll's House is a three-act play written by Henrik Ibsen in 1879. It is a groundbreaking play that explores the themes of marriage, gender roles, and identity in 19th century society. Ibsen's play was met with controversy and outrage due to its bold critique of the traditional roles of men and women in marriage. The play has since become a classic of modern drama and is widely studied and performed in educational institutions around the world. The play is set in Norway and follows the story of Nora Helmer, a seemingly happy and content housewife. However, as the play unfolds, we see that Nora is living a double life. She has secretly borrowed money to save her husband's life, and is now being blackmailed by the lender. The play depicts Nora's struggle to find her true identity and the consequences of living a life based on societal expectations rather than her own desires. One of the main themes explored in the play is the role of women in marriage. Nora is portrayed as a typical 19th century wife, who is expected to be obedient, nurturing, and submissive. However, as the play progresses, we see that Nora is not content with this role and longs for independence and self-discovery. Ibsen challenges the traditional gender roles and shows how society's expectations can suffocate and limit an individual's growth. Another important theme in the play is the concept of identity. Nora's character undergoes a transformation throughout the play as she begins to question her role as a wife and mother. She realizes that she has been living a life that is not truly her own, and she must break free from societal expectations to find her true self. This theme is also reflected in the character of Torvald, Nora's husband, who is more concerned with his social status and reputation than his wife's happiness. Ibsen also uses symbolism throughout the play to convey deeper meanings. The title "A Doll's House" itself is significant, as it represents the idea that women were seen as mere playthings or objects in a patriarchal society. The Christmas tree, a recurring symbol in the play, represents the facade of happy family life that Nora and Torvald try to maintain. However, as the tree begins to shed its decorations, it symbolizes the unraveling of Nora's perfect facade. At the time of its publication, A Doll's House was met with harsh criticism and was deemed scandalous due to its portrayal of a woman challenging societal norms. However, its impact on modern drama cannot be overstated. Ibsen's play paved the way for a new genre of realistic drama and influenced many other playwrights to explore similar themes. It continues to be studied and performed today, as it remains relevant in its critique of societal expectations and the struggle for individual identity.

Генрик Ибсен